Tag: Government Audio

White House Communications Agency Upgrades to Technomad

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Technomad loudspeakers are now used for the most advanced, complex, highly coordinated, and technical ‘international touring act’ in the world; The Office of the President of the United States of America.

The White House Communications Agency recently took delivery of 50 Technomad Tour Model loudspeakers. The highly portable, self-casing Technomad loudspeakers are used, primarily, for public events by the President of the United States of America. The White House Communications Agency (WHCA) is the preeminent provider of information systems to the President, Vice President, White House Senior Staff, National Security Council, U.S. Secret Service and others as directed by the White House Military Office. This support includes non-secure voice, secure voice, record communications, audio/visual services, automated data processing support and photographic and drafting services both in Washington, D.C. and trip sites worldwide.

The 50 Technomad loudspeakers used by the WHCA agency consist of 26 Noho/C Tour Model loudspeakers and 24 of the Berlin 15/H Tour Model loudspeakers. Multiple Technomad loudspeaker systems, each consisting of four Berlin 15H loudspeakers or four Noho/Cloud loudspeakers – or a combination of both -are called upon for ten or more public appearances per day, during Presidential visits. These Technomad loudspeakers are stationed at the Anacostia Naval Station and are flown all over the world on the President’s support transport planes. Wherever in the world the President visits and makes a public appearance, 90%of the time he will speak through Technomad loudspeakers. Reliability, ruggedness, military-specification construction, and durability make the Technomad loudspeakers the best choice for an application that would destroy any other loudspeaker in a matter of weeks.

Aside from Technomad’s Military Specification-810E durability, audio performance was ultimately the deciding factor in the WHCA’s choice to purchase the Technomad loudspeakers as a massive upgrade to “The Boss’s” portable loudspeaker system.

Rob Davis is Pro Audio Manager of Markertek, a leading pro audio and broadcast equipment provider, based in Saugerties, New York. As the dealer of record, Rob states, “For high-performance applications, where durability and reliability are of paramount concerns, nothing comes close to Technomad.” Continuing, Rob notes, “The Technomad loudspeakers were designed for those audio applications where the equipment is going to be subjected to extreme road use and abuse. When we were approached by WHCA technical staff for recommendations on the most durable and best sounding mobile loudspeaker for the President’s sound system, I simply advised them, there are no alternatives to Technomad. Personally and professionally, I have mixed on Technomad sound systems, and aside from the fact they are the most road-worthy loudspeaker in the world, they also sound extraordinary.”

Technomad loudspeakers are extremely EQ compliant and offer the user unrivaled control over every type of program material, through the entire frequency spectrum. Technomad Tour Model full-range loudspeakers deliver pitched musically relevant response to 30 Hz and below. All Technomad loudspeakers are inherently free of cabinet resonance, wall flex, vibration, imperfections in Thiele tuning, as well as other self-generated masking noises and anomalies. A Technomad loudspeaker’s extremely low self-noise floor, along with its forward, detailed and articulate acoustic center, and faster transient response produces 3-D-like, musical performance. A Technomad loudspeaker’s ‘quiet cabinet’ design does not mask vocal, musical, and other subliminal cues from program material, thereby offering greater detail and intelligibility through-out the entire frequency range.

Technomad loudspeakers feature a unique cabinet manufacturing technology, called roto-molding, that was developed and first put into service in 1954. Technomad produces one-piece loudspeaker cabinets with 1/2 inch thick linear walls and 3/4 inch thick corners that are free of imperfections, such as air bubbles, stress areas and other ‘built-in’ weaknesses. A Technomad loudspeaker’s one piece, ATAIII-rated cabinet has no joints or seams joining multiple parts. Technomad’s manufacturing technique makes for a very strong, cabinet, especially in the corner areas where impact is likely to occur. The corrugation that is designed into the cabinet walls provides incredible rigidity to the entire cabinet structure, without the need for additional internal cross-bracing, supports or structure.

Technomad full-range loudspeakers feature a unique, five position, internal Passive Processor EQ System. The Passive Processor reduces the need for outboard processors, thereby eliminating expense and system complexity. The EQ contour of a Technomad full-range loudspeaker is ‘shaped’ by the Passive Processor, providing maximum efficiency and fidelity, for any indoor or outdoor event or program material.

These audio innovations also allow the Technomad loudspeaker to perform with greater detail, intelligibility, and articulation in highly reverberant and high-ambient noise environments. All Technomad loudspeakers are also designed to Military Specification-810E, and are impervious to water, sand, salt, temperature, mold, mildew, condensation, chemical, insect, UV radiation, acids and other damage.

The Technomad loudspeaker systems, referred to as ‘PA Packs’ by WHCA personnel, are powered by two Mackie1400i power amps, and mixes are handled by a Sony MX-P61VU 12 channel mixing console. The other equipment in each ‘PA Pack’ signal chain consists of an ART PD3 Delay, DOD Real Time Analyzer Series 2, DOD SR431 31-band graphic equalizer, DBX 266XL Dual Compressor Gate, and ETA Power Distribution provides clean AC power. A multitude of microphone models, for an assortment of applications, are from Shure, Senneheiser, and Crown.

>> Click here to see Technomad loudspeakers on CNN

The WHCA’s 50 new Technomad Berlin and Noho loudspeakers augment 50+ Technomad loudspeakers already stationed at various Air Force bases through-out the United States. These additional Technomad loudspeakers are used by the President, Ambassadors, Military Officials, and visiting Heads of State.

The White House Communications Agency (WHCA), originally known as the White House Signal Detachment (WHSD), was officially formed by the War Departmenton25 March 1942 during the Roosevelt Administration. The detachment was activated under the Military District of Washington to provide normal and emergency communications requirements in support of the President of the United States. WHSD provided mobile radio, teletype, telephone, and cryptographic aids in the White House and at Shangri-La, now known as Camp David.

In 1954, during the Eisenhower Administration, WHSD was reorganized under the Office of the Chief Signal Officer, Army Signal Corps as a Class II unit and renamed the White House Army Signal Agency (WHASA). In 1962 WHASA was discontinued by order of the Secretary of Defense under President John F. Kennedy, transferred to the auspices of the Defense Communications Agency under operational control of the White House Military Office, and reestablished as the White House Communications Agency.

WHCA played silent, significant roles in many historical events to include World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, Panama and Guatemala, Operation JustCause, Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, and Operation Restore Hope in Somalia. WHCA was also a key player in documenting the assassination of President Kennedy and the attempt on the lives of Presidents Ford and Reagan.

The Agency evolved over the past 50 years from a small team of 32 personnel working out of the basement of the White House to a self-supporting joint service command. Headquarters for WHCA is at Anacostia Navy Yard and consists of six staff elements and seven organizational units. WHCA also has five supporting detachments in Washington, D.C. and various locations throughout the United States. WHCA is organized into functional areas each with its own mission in support of the total WHCA mission of Presidential support.

Technical Specs

The 400 watt BERLIN 15/H features a 2″ compression driver on a 120° X 120° horn and a proprietary, weather-resistant 15″bass driver. The Berlin 15/H delivers a frequency response is 50 Hz-17.5 kHz, sensitivity is 102 dB SPL (1w/1m C.W.), with a maximum SPL of 121 dB SPL

The275watt Technomad Noho/C features a proprietary, weather-resistant Coaxial 1″ and 12″driver. The Noho/C delivers a frequency response of 60 Hz-17.5 kHz, sensitivity is 96 dB SPL (1w/1m C.W.), and a maximum SPL of 118 dB. Dispersion is 60° x 90°.

All Tour Model Technomad loudspeakers come standard with the unique MonitorTilt feature that allows the speaker to quickly convert into a floor monitor. When two 1.5″ diameter Monitor Legs are inserted in the rear sockets, a Technomad can be tilted at a 30° angle for use as a stage monitor. Like-size Technomad loudspeakers lock together when stacked for ease and security of transport on Technomad dedicated dollies. Other standard features include four molded-in 1.5″ diameter stand-mount sockets – one per side – for fast and easy set-up, water resistant electronic components and weatherized drivers, for long, reliable life. Other features include phase-coherent design, full-face weather resistant grills and fully recessed black stainless-steel cabinet hardware, large-grip handles, Neutrik connectors, and T-nut, D-Ring and Omni Mount fly points (depending upon model). All Technomad loudspeakers are available in 14 custom cabinet colors. A Technomad’s full-face grill can be ordered in matching cabinet colors. Because Technomad loudspeakers form their own ATA III road case, they are very portable and save truck and storage space. Technomad Tour Model loudspeakers can even be shipped via UPS, Federal Express, or checked as airline baggage.

All Technomad loudspeakers are backed by one of the most comprehensive pro audio product warranties available. Covered against manufacturer’s defects are: Loudspeaker cabinet = 10 years, External hardware = 5 years, Internal electronic components = 2 years.

Technomad Military PA Systems

Technomad makes high-powered weatherproof military PA systems and communications equipment. Our complete ready-to use military PA systems include Technomad’s mil-spec weatherproof loudspeakers and a pre-wired flight case control rack with integrated amplifier, mixer, microphone, and CD/Tape player. Stands and cables are included. Systems can be used alone, or linked via digital wireless link kits or Ethernet / fiber optic systems for base-wide / large area use.
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» Popular Item: the SuperConductor™ military audio MP3 player-recorder… play sounds instantly by hand or automatically via internal clock.[ more info ] » New! Introducing the LMR Interface – lets your team speak through your Technomad PA system using your current Land Mobile Radios. [ more info ]

Technomad military PA systems can be deployed in 15 minutes or less by one operator, and are used for permanent installations or mobile / tactical operations. Systems are palletizable. Operating range: up to 1 mile. If tactical applications, force protection, psyops, high quality music and speech reproduction, or site-wide paging is your priority, Technomad is your solution. Request a demo today!


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Advantages of Technomad loudspeakers over ‘Horn’ systems in Military PA

» Why are Technomad Loudspeakers so Weatherproof?
» Technomad at the Zussman Urban Combat Training Center
» Technomad “Torture Testing” Videos

» Technomad at the White House
» Technomad HummVee Mounted PA System

The Ultimate Military Training Facility: Technomad @ Zussman Urban Combat Center

Located a little over 30 miles south of downtown Louisville, the Zussman Urban Combat Training Center, to date, is the government’s most realistic and complex military training facility. The 26 acre Center supports mounted, dismounted, special operations and combined force training ranging from urban unrest and operations other than war (such as peace keeping missions and hostage recovery), through to mid-intensity combat.

Construction commenced in October 1997 to install the fully instrumented and automated urban combat training site at Fort Knox, Kentucky, and the facility was completed in May 2000. Its formal dedication, viewed by an international audience of military officials and political dignitaries, was held on May 25, 2000. The dedication was followed by a highly realistic, 10 minute-long military force-on-force demonstration, consisting of over 200 soldiers and approximately 12 armored units. (Refer to Photo 1)

A deployed-force-in-training at the Zussman facility experiences the total impact of a broad spectrum of urban environments. The city’s 21 structures (intact, as well as battle-impacted), are designed and constructed to resemble facilities found in many urban areas. Structures includes air traffic support facilities, an industrial area, a well developed business area, municipal buildings – including a three-story embassy – a residential area complete with a modern 2-story school, and a complex system of roadways, replete with the normal array of several hundred tons of “combat debris.” The buildings are augmented with facades and are color-coded. Furniture installed in the buildings will trip-up the unwary and hide friend or foe targetry. The normal mixture of ‘urban support’ facilities includes recreational sites such as a subway entrance, a soccer field – large enough to land a helicopter – an open air market, as well as electrical, water, and sewer.

To support a realistic environment, a battery of special effects may be employed, including; a class 100 bridge that can blow-up & burn, five ‘burn-on-command buildings’, ‘on command’ moving and burning cars, ‘on command’ interior and exterior non-toxic smoke, color and sound confusion effects, collapsing and exploding telephone poles with ‘dancing’ electrical lines, a gas station that can blow-up causing a ‘river of fire’ to cross a primary road, as well as wide area and specific point sound effects, and more. Getting very realistic, the sewer system filled with varying depths of ‘dirty water’ – as well as the “little things” normally found in such a place – also links key areas of the city underground. These underground areas can also be “smoked” at a unit commander’s discretion.

The Zussman Mounted Urban Combat Training Site provides a unique learning center for individual and collective technical and tactical skills supporting a successful urban military or Para-military deployment. Units with limited training objectives may elect to face a single structure or any mixture of allocated structures. The facility can support four separate company-sized units simultaneously, each with a defined area of operation, or a battalion task force taking on the entire facility.

Performance evaluation is supported by command selection of 10 different video feeds for taping and computer reports provided in either CD-ROM or print-out formats, or staff observations. A high-tech control and command facility (disguised as the town’s water tower), supported by video feeds, computer monitoring stations and a large and detailed mock-up of the facility support a qualified training evaluation.

The Army Corp. of Engineers managed the construction of the 13.5 million dollar facility and Redstone Arsenal and the Aviation Missile Command was tasked with the instrumentation and software for the facility. NCCIM, a joint venture formed in 1997 between Nichols Research Corporation and COLSA Corporation, both headquartered in Huntsville, Alabama, provided the audio and video systems for the Zussman facility. The gentleman almost solely responsible for the design of the AV systems is NCCIM Senior Systems Analyst, Mark Seeber. (Refer to Photo 2). Ron Galyean, Telecommunications Specialist with NCCIM, is the on-site team leader for the installation of the communications systems.

Acoustical Audio Design located in Jeffersonville, Indiana, was the primary certified contractor chosen by Mark Seeber for the project. Innovative Electronic Designs, Inc., of Louisville, Kentucky was contacted by Mark due to their experience in “being able to find solutions to route audio to an infinite amount of zones in convention centers and airports,” states Mark. “I knew they would have the solutions to the obstacles I was going to face in designing Zussman’s audio and video systems. IED worked closely with Acoustical Audio Design into the project since AAD are the local certified contractor.”


The front end of the system, located in the control tower, is controlled by two software applications, one which operates the audio effects and the second controls the sensors, modular video and targetry throughout every room in every building. Targetry, video cameras and sensors are incredibly modular and are custom installed in each room, as well as around the facility, according to a commander’s training scenario ‘script’. (Refer to Photo 3- a pneumatic pop-up target positioned in the ‘town’s’ traffic circle). Once the aforementioned equipment is installed, the commander can program the complete training scenario from two computer screens in the command center in as little as one hour.

Jeremy Green and Terry Townsend, both programmers with NCCIM, were the gentlemen who toiled for almost a year to create the targetry, video and sensor control software application. Jeremy states, “We’ve created the control application from Wonder ware’s In Touch and In Control applications. These are industrial control applications that allow the programmer to customize the software to control large-scale facilities, such as a factory or a jail.”

Jeremy continues, “To design a scenario, you just click on each building from an overview of the city. Once on the view of a building, you can continually click to pull-up the various in-depth views of the floors and rooms. Once in a room, you can select the targets and sensors you need for the scenario, through simple drag-and-drop programming. You drag the target, video, etc., control where you want it, program it for when you want it to come up, go down, and how many kills you want for that target. You can also program any of the video cameras to record for a specific duration of time once a sensor is tripped.”

Jeremy adds, “This control software does not control the flame effects. It does provide us with a ‘Go’/’No Go’ signals for some flame and other effects. The third manual control system was designed so that all flame and other effects are NOT run by software, but by people, so no one gets hurt, or worse, killed.”

The audio control system for the Zussman Mounted Urban Combat Training Site was manufactured by IED and includes IED’s Universal Digital Audio Processing System (UDAPS¨). UDAPS is a DSP-based system that provides audio routing, mixing, level control, EQ, delay, announcement distribution, and paging all in the digital domain. The UDAPS for Zussman is sized at 24 X 32, which can dynamically route any one, or a combination, of the 24 input sources to any individual or group of the 32 zone outputs.

The UDAPS delay and DSP functions also provides cross-fading for the fly-around effects and can provide contact closure interface for remote triggering of effects. IED’s UDAPS configuration is controlled by graphical software on the IED 590 Computer System. The custom graphic software package provided by IED allows the user to configure and monitor an entire training scenario, which includes selecting and scheduling the sound effects and choosing the zones to where they will play. The software also provides a DSP probe to audibly listen to any point in the system over the monitor speaker at the computer.

The application displays an overhead view of the site and sound events can be selected for multiple sounds. The user can simply drag-and-drop multiple sound samples into the three ‘run categories’ – Timed, Triggered and Manual – for each specific training event. (Refer to Photo 4).

Timed sounds are audio events that occur on a regular schedule during a scene, such as a school or church bell ringing, as well as nature and environmental sounds. Eight channels of environmental sound samples – from a three minute helicopter fly-by, to one hour of school children playing, to two hours of nature sounds – can be mixed together and assigned to any zone, or series of zones, to create specific and simultaneous environmental effects for the training exercise.

Triggered sounds, which are tied into the targeting systems, are events that will occur when a sensor provides a contact closure and trigger explosion sound effects. For instance, if the convenience store is ‘blown up and burned’ during an exercise, the program supports that physical effect with audible explosions. Manual “sudden” surprise sounds can be triggered in any zone, at any time, by the system operator while a scene in a training scenario is being played out. Manual events are ‘sudden’, surprise sounds, such as a baby crying, the sound of a machine gun attack, or crowd noises. These manual, ad-libbed, ‘outside-of-the-script’ events are ‘thrown into the scenario’ by the commander to keep his trainees on their toes.

The third, 100% manual control system runs the exploding and pneumatic effects such as the moving and burning cars, collapsing bridge, burn-on-command buildings, and exploding and toppling telephone poles. Obviously, effects which cannot be left to the ‘blind’ run-control of a software application. Even after the software gives a ‘Go’ command, the situation around a manual effect is ‘eye-balled’ and then green-lighted at ‘ground level’ by maneuver observers. The ‘Go commands’ are radioed to the control tower and then the effect is manually triggered. Mark points out, “Multiple approvals need to clear a manual effect to confirm that no troops are in proximity to prevent injury, or even death, from the end result of the effect.” As an extra security precaution, eight remote controlled ‘observer’ video cameras are installed at critical points in the facility. The operator in the control tower controls all pan, tilt and zoom functions while viewing a scenario on eight screens. (Refer to Photo 5).


The facility’s digital interface is completely modular and can be customized for each and every exercise. A tremendous amount of video, light effects, sensor and targetry information can be controlled and routed to and from the command tower via each zone’s Communications (Com) Room. In each of the five Com Rooms, 50 node boxes, each carrying two fibers of information, allows the commander to custom install the aforementioned modular equipment, and then program the computer control of his training areas. Ron states, “We can bring in God knows how much information and route it out to wherever we want.” Each room in every building is ‘wired’ with six pairs of fiber for the installation of targetry, effects and video, while sensors are all permanently installed in each room.

External areas can be as small as an alley to as a large as a street or traffic circle, as well as the sewer and subway systems. Once this equipment is installed, the commander can commence with the scenario programming for the room, building, area, etc.

All sensor information generated from all programmed areas during the course of a training exercise, is fed back to the control tower where it is stored on ten, six gig computer hard drives. Sensor information consists of time the soldier(s) spent in the room to accomplish the mission, shots fired, etc.

Video is captured for all events in each room and area during a training scenario. (Refer to Photo 6 – one of the many customized, modular cameras installed around the facility). Note the microphone. The foam cube prevents input overload from gun fire and training grenades.) Ron states, “Video cameras are always run on a fiber pair as a primary and secondary, so in case the primary is lost for whatever reason, we always have a back-up video feed. Audio is picked-up at the camera and carried over the video fiber pair, as well. At the Com Room, the information from the cameras is routed to a customized, full audio/video matrix switch, which we call a Knox Switch. The Knox Switch is designed to simultaneously route 32 audio and video sources from the 50 pairs of inputs in each Com Room, back to the control tower and, secondarily, to the closed circuit cable system.” (Refer to Photo 7) The video feed to the cable television system allows viewers to watch everything from each camera, on multiple screens live, as it happens.

Ron continues, “The primary function of the video system is to record to hard drive, all information generated from each camera. The system allows for detailed recording of all audio and video information and subsequent fast editing capabilities to create an accurate record of the training scenario.”

During a training scenario, the room or area sensors determine what cameras are going ‘hot’ on the network. The sensor information is routed to the Knox Switch which then routes the 32 audio and video sources to ten video encoders. From the encoders, the video information is then routed to the system’s file structure. The video, as well as the time-line information, is stored in the file structure according to what area the information originated from. In video editing, the video files from the time line are just ‘dragged and dropped’ to create the scenario movie the commander needs to review with his troops. The final edit is either burned to DVD-ROM or VHS tape, or transmitted over the closed circuit cable system to the training review theater.


Once the Timed, Triggered and Manual audio effects are programmed into the system and the scenario is set to run, audio is distributed on six channels to each Com Room via miles of fiber runs.

Mark points out, “At the Com Room, the digital audio signal hits the American Fibertek converters and then its cooper out to the loudspeakers. “Input levels and acoustic response is what we needed and American Fibertek was able to produce the product that matched our specs.”

Ron states, “Fiber can be a lot tougher then you might think. But, once you know how to work with and terminate it, fiber is great. The beauty of fiber is you can run fiber lines right up against power lines and have no interference. This place is an RF nightmare. If you could see the RF here, it would look like a fog. You can just tell from our video feed in the tower how nice and sharp it is over the fiber network, it’s really beautiful. If we were unable to use fiber, it would be amazing that we would have any video in this installation.

Seventy permanently installed Technomad Paris 616T 70-volt loudspeakers were installed in the 25 exterior audio zones throughout the facility. Almost all of the Paris 616T loudspeakers are installed at the first story level of each building with Allen Products speaker brackets. Mark points out, “At the height at which they are mounted, four Paris loudspeakers can effectively cover an entire street.”

Not only did the Technomad loudspeakers need to be installed fairly high-up on the building for the proper sound coverage, they also had to be out of the range of the exhaust output of many of the armored vehicles, such as an M-1 tank. Mark points out, “When it came to the loudspeaker selection, the weather is the least of my concerns. The diesel exhaust from armored vehicles would kill any less or loudspeaker very quickly. But more so, the heat output from an M-1 tank can melt hair and skin within 8 to 10 feet. It’s a tough environment for all the audio and video gear that is out here, with all the exhaust heat and smoke, compounded with the smoke generated from explosions, flares, smoke grenades and canon fire. The loudspeakers get the worst of it, and I could not find anything else on the market that would endure what the Technomads have to go through. Believe me, I looked!”

An additional 16 Technomad Cairo 15/C loudspeakers are utilized in ‘modular interior audio zones’. The high-powered, Crown K2-driven Cairos are installed in close-quarter stairwell and hallway ‘grenade drop’ zones. The Cairo 15/C is bi-amped, 3-way, 1,000 watt Cairo loudspeaker consisting of a 12″ coaxial driver and a 15″ bass transducer. In the Zussman application the Cairos are being run full-range for their various applications. Mark notes, “Since the areas where these loudspeakers are installed are so small, size and output was a critical factory. I could not find anything in the Cairo’s class that could duplicate the SPL output of a close-quarter hand grenade explosion.” Continuing, Mark states, “Since this high-powered explosions are not part of every training scenario, the Technomad Cairos are installed on a ‘need only-basis’, such as when they are installed under the collapsing bridge or in various buildings.”

The K2s were selected to power the Cairo’s grenade drops, “Because,” Mark states, “Since I needed an amp that was going to be left on 24/7, there is nothing to break down on the K2, such as fan.” Continuing, he quips, “The Technomad Cairo and K2 combination just make the sound effects as real as they can get, short of setting off real hand-grenades.”

Comtech 410s and 810s efficiently drive all of the 70 volt Technomad 616T loudspeakers, even in spite of cable runs that are as long as 1,000 feet from each Com Room. Mark notes, “I was concerned that with these long cable runs, we were going to have to add more power or install fewer loudspeakers; you have to do whatever you can go balance it. But, the Comtechs proved to be very efficient for the application.” Continuing, Mark notes, “The system is incredibly quiet. It’s powered-on all the time and there is no hiss or hum at all.”

Mark adds, “The playback is very life-like, therefore very effective. In one demonstration, I was playing a mixed combination of vehicles and machinery, crowd noises such as multiple conversations and people milling about, as well as a significant amount of nature sounds, birds, wind, what-have-you. I walked a large part of the facility with several commanders who commented they couldn’t hear the audio program, just all the aforementioned background noise. Then I stopped the audio program and there was nothing, no noise at all. Zussman is easily four or more miles from the nearest country road, so when you’re out here alone, there is no civilization background noise all at, just the occasional bird or maybe the wind. I, essentially, had the commanders psychologically convinced that a lot was happening out here, until I shut it all off. That was a very effective demonstration to the commanders as to the accuracy of the playback system.”


Roland AR2000s were installed for random playback messages consisting of, up to, two hours of FM radio stations, as well as telephone transmissions. Mark points out, “The FM radio station recordings, for one such scenario, were various repeating Russian broadcasts, which were actually recorded from radio stations in Kosovo. The broadcasts are transmitted within the facility and are all part of the scenario, if part of the training is to monitor enemy radio broadcasts, especially if Army Intelligence is involved in the training.”

Making the scenarios even more realistic, additional AR2000s are tied into the facility-wide telephone network. Mark continues, “I can store up to 250 messages on a single AR2000 PC card. These messages can be as varied as a dial tone, someone dialing, static, a conversation in who-knows-what language, and so on. For whatever reason an individual in training needs to pick-up a phone – keep in mind, FBI, CIA, and police forces will train here – we can have various pre-recorded telephone noise or conversations going on as part of the scenario. A contact closure starts another random message whenever a receiver is picked-up.”

Mark states, “The Zussman facility represents the state-of-the-art in systems designing for operation and control simplicity. When the project was still on the drawing board, a few executives visited the talent at the leading amusement parks, such as Universal and Disney. They wanted to investigate how they created their attractions and what technology is used to pull-off such realism, even though none of Universal’s or Disney’s attraction technology was incorporated in the finished Zussman training facility.” Concluding, Mark quips, “Though the public will never be allowed to participate in any event here at Zussman, I can assure anyone, we have both Universal and Disney beat in the realism department.”